The placenta plays a crucial role during pregnancy.
Before getting pregnant you don’t even know placenta even exit in your body. You get wonder once you get to know how and where it is affect your pregnancy.
The placenta is playing a crucial role to keep your baby alive and well during pregnancy. It is an organ which is basically attached to the lining of the womb that delivers oxygen and nutrients to the growing baby.
The placenta is a large organ that develops during pregnancy. It is attached to the wall of the uterus, usually at the top or side. The umbilical cord connects the placenta to your baby.
Blood from the mother passes through the placenta, filtering oxygen, glucose and other nutrients to your baby via the umbilical cord.
What does the placenta do?
The placenta is an organ that develops in your uterus during pregnancy. This structure provides oxygen and nutrients to your growing baby and removes waste products from your baby's blood. The placenta attaches to the wall of your uterus, and your baby's umbilical cord arises from it. The organ is usually attached to the top, side, front or back of the uterus. In rare cases, the placenta might attach in the lower uterine region.
What happens to the placenta during pregnancy?
The placenta often develops low in the womb but moves to the side or up as the womb stretches. The position of the placenta will be checked at your 18-week ultrasound.
The placenta is expelled from your body after the birth, usually about 5 to 30 minutes after your baby is born. This is called the third stage of labour.
After the baby is born you will continue to have mild contractions. You will have to give one more push to deliver the placenta. Sometimes your abdomen will be massaged or you will be given an injection of oxytocin and the umbilical cord will be gently pulled to help deliver the placenta.
If you have a caesarean section, the doctor will remove the placenta at the same time.
It is important that the whole placenta comes out after pregnancy. If any fragments of the placenta stay inside, they will have to be surgically removed to prevent bleeding and infection.
How to keep your placenta healthy
It is important to visit your healthcare provider regularly during pregnancy to check for any problems with your placenta.
Tell your doctor if you have had problems with the placenta in a previous pregnancy, or if you have had any surgery to your womb.
Don’t smoke, drink alcohol or take any illegal drugs during pregnancy since this increases the likelihood you will have problems with the placenta. Always consult your doctor before you take any medicines, including over the counter medicines, natural therapies and supplements, while you are pregnant.
Speak with your doctor if you have any concerns, or if you experience:
severe abdominal or back pain
any trauma to your abdomen, for example from a fall or car accident.
Various factors can affect the health of the placenta during pregnancy, some modifiable and some not. For example:
Maternal age- Certain placental problems are more common in older women, especially after age 40.
High blood pressure- High blood pressure can affect your placenta.
Twin or other multiple pregnancy- If you're pregnant with more than one baby, you might be at increased risk of certain placental problems.
Previous uterine surgery- If you've had a previous surgery on your uterus, such as a C-section or surgery to remove fibroids, you're at increased risk of certain placental problems.
Previous placental problems- If you've had a placental problem during a previous pregnancy, you might have a higher risk of experiencing it again.