What are the common complications of pregnancy:
The entire journey of pregnancy is a roller coaster ride. Women enjoy it the most and also suffer from various health issues during the pregnancy. The complications usually involves the mother and foetus heath. Many complications during pregnancy can make it a high-risk pregnancy. It is advisable to get a regular medical examination and prenatal care to reduce the overall risk and complications of pregnancy.
Here are the top 5 common complications of pregnancy
Here is the detailed list of common complications which many women face during the pregnancy journey
1. Increased Blood Pressure
The issue of hypertension occurs when arteries carrying the blood to body organs are narrow. It means the heart is pumping the right amount of blood but due to narrow arteries the pressure is increased. The case of high blood pressure makes it difficult for the arteries to reach the placenta and it can hamper the overall nutritional need of foetus.
Hypertension can lead to underdevelopment of foetus and preterm labour. The case of hypertension is found among women who have hypertension before the conception, some may also develop it during the second half of pregnancy and it is known as gestational hypertension.
2. Preterm Labour
A labour is termed as preterm when a mother gives birth to a baby before 37 weeks of pregnancy. A premature baby is always under the risk of health issues due to lack of organs development during the final weeks of pregnancy. It is mandatory for the mother to eat well and stay stress-free to ensure complete well begin of the foetus and full term delivery. Preterm labour can be difficult for both mother and also a baby.
3. Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes can also occur during pregnancy for those women who didn't have any issues with diabetes before. During pregnancy, the hormonal imbalance can lead to Gestational diabetes as the body does not make enough insulin. The build-up of glucose enters the bloodstream and increases the blood sugar level. If the high blood sugar level is not controlled, it can cause hypertension and also preeclampsia. The overall size of an infant can also be high, such cases lead to caesarean delivery.
Preeclampsia is a very complicated medical condition which can lead to premature delivery of baby and death in the worst case scenario. The cause is still unknown but can be due to the high level of blood sugar level, hypertension, and kidney problems.
The case is found when the previous pregnancy also was Preeclampsia. If the mother's age is above 35 age and is suffering from obesity, the overall risk of Preeclampsia is high.
Miscarriage is a term which is used to describe the loss of pregnancy due to natural or unnatural causes before the completion of 20 weeks. The common sign of miscarriage includes vaginal bleeding, spotting, lower abdominal pain, cramping. It also includes passing of tissues and blood from the vagina. The pregnant lady should not confuse the pregnancy spotting with miscarriage. If you have any queries or doubt, it is best to contact the health care providers for better guidance.